How early can we predict future educational achievement? Leon Feinstein examines
the links between
pre-school tests, social class and final academic levels.
In the research described here he considers three questions that help in
understanding these issues:
1. Does pre-school development matter for long-term outcomes? To what extent are
children’s pre-school development associated with their final educational levels as
2. Does social class matter? What is the effect of social class difference in
these pre-school indicators
(a difference sometimes called the “attainment gap”).
3. As children get older, how does this stratification change? How do high or
low initial achievers
perform differently as they develop and to what extent does this differential
development depend on
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